THE CENTER OF JAPAN’S INDUSTRIAL SECTOR
Nagoya and its surrounding area is the center of Japan’s industrial sector. Its solidly based production focuses on automobiles, general machinery, metal products, ceramics, and electric appliances. As economic links among nations continue to strengthen and expand, Nagoya strives to establish itself as an international production and economic center.
Industry in Nagoya traces its roots back to the 1600′s when the area prospered as a manufacturing region of cotton cloths, ceramics, and lumber products. In the mid 1800′s, spinning, weaving, watch and clock manufacturing, and other light industries took on new life with the Meiji Restoration.
By the 1900′s, factories for textiles, ceramics, automobiles, steel, and clocks were built in the suburbs and the foundations for Nagoya’s industrial development were set in place. The Taisho period saw a radical change in the industrial picture in Nagoya. The traditional light industries gave way to military related production. Heavy industries, especially motor, vehicle, machinery, chemical, and aircraft production took center stage.
With the end of World War II in 1945, Nagoya’s industry refocused its objectives, and production shifted from airplanes and military materials to consumer related products that were in great demand at the time. The machine tool, weaving machinery, precision tool, automobile, and the chemical industries blossomed around the Port of Nagoya.
In recent decades, the industrial structure in Nagoya has changed dramatically. In the 1970′s, the number of employees in the manufacturing sector decreased, while distribution and service workers reached record numbers. In the 1980′s, manufacturing, macaronis, fine ceramics, and other related industries took on new life as industry moved into a high-tech phase. There was a greater demand for higher quality products, both in Japan and overseas.
Outside the retail sector, however, the service industry continued to grow. Particularly, the information and communication sectors continued to expand. Recently, technologies such as information processing, communication, new transportation systems, disaster prevention, and biotechnology are being explored and developed.
INDUSTRI-INDUSTRI UTAMA NAGOYA
Nagoya’s Main Industries
The automobile industry is the main economy in Nagoya and Aichi Prefecture. The headquarters and production plants of several world-renowned automobile manufactures such as Toyota, Honda, and Mitsubishi are located in the area.
Nagoya is Japan’s center of machinery production. All forms of new technologies are being introduced. The widespread application of integrated circuit technology had led to the rapid improvement of machine tools, industrial robots, office and home appliances, automobiles, and precision equipment.
■Ceramics and Fine Ceramics
Nagoya and surrounding areas have been engaged in the ceramics industry since the 12th and 13th centuries and are well known for their high quality white clay used to produce porcelain. Noritake, Seto, and Narumi are among big names of fine china located in the area.
The fine ceramics industry is also centered in Nagoya and Aichi Prefecture. Fine ceramics is applied in numerous fields including large-scale integrated circuits, high-voltage insulators, engines, machine parts, and artificial bones. There are 27 production facilities and 21 laboratories engaged in basic and applied research in the area of fine ceramics.
(Nagoya International Center)