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MAJOR EARTHQUAKE PREPARATION GUIDE
According to the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion there is a strong possibility that M7.5+ earthquake could hit the Tokai Region anytime in the next 30 years. Are you prepared?
★ Disaster Prevention Supplements
The Nagoya International Center published a 3-part guide to surviving earthquakes, typhoons, and fires in the winter of 2008. These Disaster Prevention Supplements are available in 6 languages and can be downloaded in a printer-friendly PDF format. All versions are also available in print format from the Nagoya International Center 3F Information Counter. Please take time to carefully review the supplements print, & store them in a safe place.
★Earthquake Survival Kit
After a major earthquake, it may take 2 to 3 days for food and emergency supplies to be distributed, so prior planning on your part could make a major difference in your level of comfort in the aftermath. So, exactly what should you include in your emergency supplies?
- First aid kit and essential medications.
- 3 days supply of canned food and can opener; rotate water and food in your kit to ensure freshness.
- 3 – 4 days supply (at least 10 liters) of water per person.
- Protective clothing, rainwear, and bedding or sleeping bags.
- Change of clothing.
- Battery-powered radio, flashlight, and extra batteries.
- Special items for infant, elderly, or disabled family members.
- Written instructions for how to turn off gas, electricity, and water if authorities advise you to do so.
- Keeping essentials, such as a flashlight and sturdy shoes, by your bedside.
- Passport, 30,000 Yen in cash.
- Other items: Newspapers, plastic wrap, rubber gloves, garbage bags, tape, paper cups, plates and utensils all proved to be very useful in the aftermath of the 1995 Kobe earthquake.
★Emergency Evacuation Areas (Hinanjo 避難所)
If during a flood or earthquake your residence becomes un-livable, you feel you are in danger, or an evacuation order has been given, then temporary accommodation and assistance can be obtained at your nearest emergency evacuation center, usually a designated elementary school or park. Emergency Evacuation Center location maps for each ward are available from ward offices or from the Nagoya International Center 3F Information Counter. Alternatively, they can be downloaded at from the Nagoya City website. Plan ahead and locate the nearest one to your home and your place of work or study.
By ward in a handy, printer-friendly PDF format
★Prepare Your Home
Most initial deaths and injuries caused by earthquakes are a result of falling objects or flying glass. In the 1995 Kobe Earthquake there were over 6,000 fatalities and over 40,000 injuries. The earthquake occurred at 5:46 in the morning, most victims were still in bed when the tremor struck. It makes common sense to prepare your home for such an event.
1. Install strong latches on cupboards and sliding doors.
2. Move or secure objects that could block your exit route.
3. Remove or isolate flammable materials.
4. Use glass safety film on the interior of all windows.
5. Make sure you know the location of emergency exits, fire alarms and fire extinguishers. Always keep a fire extinguisher in your home.
6. Don’t place your bed near a window or hang heavy objects such as mirrors or paintings in a position where they could fall on the bed.
7. Choose a safe place in every room–under a sturdy table or desk or against an inside wall where nothing can fall on you.
8. Do not place combustibles near stoves, etc.
9. Prepare fire extinguishers or buckets of water, in case a fire should break out.
10. Move or secure objects that could fall on you such as books, picture frames, wall clocks, or anything hanging. Heavy objects such as bookcases or top-heavy furniture should be secured.
The items below, along with a whole range of other earthquake-related survival and prevention items are known as Bosai Goods防災グッズ(literally – Disaster Prevention Goods – are available at DIY “home centers” nationwide and online retailers such as Amazon Japan and Rakuten (use keyword ぼうさいぐっず).
Latches stop a cupboard from opening
and spilling its contents on the floor.
Prevent heavy furniture from moving or falling
over by bracing the item to a wall.
Adjustable Poles fit in the gap between the ceiling and
your tall items of furniture to stop them toppling over.
Attach a plastic film to a window or a mirror
to prevent shattered glass from falling on the floor
Stick “taishin pads” under furniture to prevent
horizontal movement during an earthquake.
A simple barrier stops crockery from falling.
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